HomeEducationIIT Madras Develops ‘MOUSHIK’ Microprocessor For IoT Gadgets

IIT Madras Develops ‘MOUSHIK’ Microprocessor For IoT Gadgets

IIT Madras Develops ‘MOUSHIK’ Microprocessor For IoT Gadgets

New Delhi:

Indian Institute of Expertise (IIT) Madras Researchers have booted up ‘MOUSHIK,’ an indigenously-made Microprocessor, that may cater to the rapidly-growing IoT gadgets, an integral a part of Sensible Cities of a Digital India.

MOUSHIK is a processor cum ‘system on chip’ which has been conceptualized, designed and developed on the Pratap Subrahmanyam Centre for Digital Intelligence and Safe {Hardware} Structure (PS-CDISHA) of the RISE Group, Division of Pc Science and Engineering, IIT Madras. The Venture is funded by the Ministry of Electronics and Info Expertise, Authorities of India.

Elaborating on the processes behind ‘MOUSHIK,’ Prof. Kamakoti Veezhinathan, Reconfigurable Clever Techniques Engineering (RISE) Group, Division of Pc Science and Engineering, IIT Madras, mentioned, “There are three steps involved in the making of a microprocessor, namely Design, Fabrication and Post-Silicon Boot-up. All three processes for MOUSHIK were undertaken in India, demonstrating an ‘Atma Nirbhar’ ecosystem in Digital Design Productization.”

“The Design of the Microprocessor, Motherboard Printed Circuit Board Design, Assembly and Post-Silicon Boot-up were done at IIT Madras. The foundry-specific backend design and fabrication was undertaken at Semi-Conductor Laboratory of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in Chandigarh and manufacturing of this motherboard was done at Bengaluru. Shakthi MOUSHIK SOC will constitute the heart of an indigenously-developed motherboard called ‘Ardonyx 1.0,” Prof. Kamakoti added.

MOUSHIK is an Indigenous RISC-V Microprocessor and is the third chip of the SHAKTI household, all of which had been conceptualized and developed by this Centre and had been first time ‘silicon successes.’

The Subject Purposes of ‘MOUSHIK’ embrace:

  • Sensible playing cards together with Bank cards, ID Playing cards, Debit playing cards, Journey Playing cards for Metros and Driving Licenses
  • Digital Voting Machines (EVMs)
  • Workplace Administration Techniques together with Attendance, surveillance cameras and secure locks
  • Customized Well being Administration Techniques
  • Client Electronics together with however not restricted to Washing Machines and Water pump monitoring programs

Prof. Kamakoti enumerated the advantages to India from such indigenously-developed Microprocessors:

1. The primary indigenous chip within the SHAKTI sequence was designed and booted up SHAKTI in October 2018. This can be a primary constructing block for cell computing gadgets, embedded low energy wi-fi programs and networking programs in addition to decreasing reliance on imported microprocessors in Communications and Defence Sectors.

2. SHAKTI Microprocessor can be utilized by others as it’s on par with Worldwide Requirements. This sequence of microprocessors has the potential to pave manner for a world market.

3. As it’s open supply, any business together with startups can take the design and customise it based mostly on their wants. The Swadeshi Microprocessor Problem 2020 (https://innovate.mygov.in/swadeshi-microprocessor-challenge/) has been launched by the Ministry of Electronics and Info expertise, Authorities of India, to encourage the identical.

4. The opposite essential facet of such an indigenous design, growth and fabricating method is decreasing the danger of deploying programs that could be contaminated with back-doors and {hardware} Trojans. This growth will assume big significance when programs based mostly on SHAKTI processors are adopted by strategic sectors similar to defence, nuclear energy installations and Authorities Businesses and Departments.

The SHAKTI microprocessor system design relies on RISC-V ISA (Instruction Set Structure). RISC-V is an open, free ISA enabling a brand new period of processor innovation by means of open commonplace collaboration. ISA is the programming or machine language and offers instructions to the processor instructing it on the features to be executed.

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