After India turned an Impartial nation, the Constituent Meeting entrusted the job of drafting the Structure to a committee chaired by Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar. Dr Rajendra Prasad, the primary President of India, was the President of the Constituent Meeting.
To start with of 1948, Dr. Ambedkar accomplished the draft of the Indian Structure and introduced it within the Constituent Meeting. On November 26, 1949, this draft was adopted with only a few amendments.
The Indian Structure got here into pressure on January 26, 1950.
The Preamble of the Structure declares India as a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic and goals to safe justice, liberty, equality to all residents and promote fraternity to take care of unity and integrity of the nation. Right here is the entire textual content:
“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to represent India right into a
SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to safe to all its residents:
JUSTICE, social, financial and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, perception, religion and worship;
EQUALITY of standing and of alternative; and to advertise amongst all of them
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the person and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION”.
Preamble to the Structure of India (Picture: Wikimedia Commons)
Listed below are some fascinating and lesser recognized details concerning the Structure of India that college students can use of their Structure Day speech and essay:
The Structure of India has borrowed options from different international locations, together with Britain, Eire, Japan, USA, South Africa, Germany, Australia, and Canada.
The Constituent Meeting of India was established in 1946. It met for 166 days unfold over 2 years, 11 months and 18 days.
The Structure of India is a hand-written doc. It is among the longest hand-written paperwork on the planet. There are a complete of 1,17,369 phrases within the English model.
Initially, the phrase “socialist” was not part of the Preamble of the Indian Structure. Throughout the emergency, by the forty second modification act of 1976, the phrase was added. That is the one modification to the Preamble to this point.
The fundamental construction of the Indian Structure stands on the Authorities of India Act, 1935.
The unique hand-written copies of the Structure are preserved in helium-filled instances within the Library of Parliament Home.
On November 26, 1949, the Constituent meeting met and with loud and extended cheers and thumping of desks greeted the passing of the Structure.
“Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of the Constituent Assembly, in his speech before putting the motion to pass the Constitution, paid tributes to Mahatma Gandhi and said that I shall only hope that all those whose good fortune it may be to work this Constitution in future, will remember that it was a unique victory which we achieved by unique method taught by the Father of the Nation, and it is upto us to preserve and protect the Independence that we have won and to make it really bear fruit for the man in the street,” wrote Sailen Chatterjee, journalist and freedom fighter.
After the Structure was handed, the historic session of the Constituent Meeting ended with the singing of the Nationwide Anthem “Jana-gana-mana adhinayaka Jai Hey, Bharat Bhagya Vidhata,” by Purnima Banerjee, a veteran freedom fighter, In response to Mr Chatterjee.
Later, in accordance with the Structure, the meeting elected Dr Rajendra Prasad as the primary President of the Indian Republic at a particular session on January 24, 1950.